Frari | 109 House

109 House

Type: single-family house

Client: commission

Size: Plot 1300 sqm | Building 700 sqm

Location: Vagos – PORTUGAL

Status: in progress

Year: 2016

Team: Maria Fradinho (Project Leader), César Pereira, Ana Rita Luís.

This project aims to build a single-family house that is located on a plot faced with one of the largest arteries in the city, and that gives it its name – “Estrada Nacional nº109”, a nacional road.
In this way, and once it is a residential use, the architectural piece protects itself from this road, and proposes to be materialized in a uniform body which, through its shape and arrangement, is protected from the busy road for it’s own safeguard.
The villa has the main façade perpendicular to the road layout, incongruously to the pre-existing reality. Thus, the front facade becomes blind and is created a green space of transition / protection between it and the road, which will allow greater privacy to the private area, properly safeguarded and protected from the road.
The house follows the continuity of existing buildings, with the front facade aligned with the neighbour house, ensuring also the relation with the arch centerings of the already established buildings. However, while this front moves back in relation to the promenade limit, a green space is created, as a protection for the ambient and noise pollution, caused by the artery, that will dignify and ensure the necessary characteristics for the intended use.
Once inside, the moment of entry is discreetly made from the north side, and is celebrated by contemplation to the south side, guaranteed by the east-to-west windows, which embraces much of the southern facade of the building that is oriented perpendicularly to the road.
Thus, the architectural piece, admittedly horizontal, ensures a wide private yard, able to join the requirements that are imposed as a green area of leisure. All compartments are turning to this important garden, ignoring all other possible spaces, never as favourable in relation to the natural light they can provide.
The interior space is read as an open space that opens to the outside through the large glassed that extend to the continuous south porch. This space unapologetically open and uniform, takes the views to the green exterior, already protected from EN 109. It is then ensured the feeling of one interior space, with regular ceilings, where the spaces are always articulated in parallel to the porch.
The building, with curved shape, ensures adequate protection to the winds on the porch, while certifying a greater depth of the private yard on the axle of the house.
All rooms look out over the garden through the porch on the ground floor, or trough a joint balcony on the top floor, elements that provide a uniform façade and allows the volume extends beyond their limits, always homogeneously.
This facade, that is as horizontal as the floor plant, will let the upper body of the house rise and stand out, through the retreat of the ground limits, composed by concrete walls that, together with big windows, are distinguished from the unavoidable white body of the upper part of the building.
The simple and solid piece, intends to position itself as a critical response to interventions in lands neighbouring to national roads, providing the use of free outer space, that this type of lands supposedly do not allow.