Type: Construction of a single-family house
Location: Aveiro, Portugal
Project Author: Maria Fradinho
Team: Sara Garcia
Project Date: 2022 – 2023
Construction Date: about to start
Plot Area: 1414 m2
Implantation Area: 146 m2
Construction Area: 304 m2
3D Artist: Tiago Vieira da Silva
Patio House is designed for residential use. It’s located in an urban area in the surroundings of Aveiro. The plot has a regular shape and morphology, and it is 20m in width.
On a conceptual level, it is designed a longitudinal volume resulting from the restrictions of the dimensions of the lot (narrow and long), and the programmatic distribution.
The house designed in order to guarantee a more generous side patio, which ensures adequate sun exposure to the common area on the ground floor.
The idea is to incorporate the benefits of a planned patio into the spatial organization achieving better results – aesthetical pleasure, best sun exposure and extended living spaces. As a result, it enhances sensorial and perceptual experience.
Patio House is divided in two different levels. On the 1st level it is designed the common areas and the guest room that embrace the outdoor patio. The guest room extension creates a “L”-shaped volume. This addition and the frontal wall embrace and create an intimate patio. The garage is a multipurpose room whose versatility and functionality allows the expansion of the living areas. On the 2nd level it is designed all private spaces, including a suite, a closet, two bedrooms and the office. The spatial organization combines fluidity and functionality.
The image of the building is achieved by using an elegant composition between the monolithic form and the additional light forms, such as the pergolas used for shading and connection. The uniformity is achieved by materiality, colour, and the rhythm of the vertical elements. Such result creates a cohesive and harmonious design that can be read as whole, between all different elements of the composition.
The vertical elements are made from steel structure and composed by a regular repetition. These semi-opaque elements provide a physical and visual barrier and allows privacy. Guards, fences and pergolas. It is possible to integrate vegetation in the vertical elements, providing the benefits of nature into the formal composition of architecture.
The entire building is materialized in a champagne tone, both in the walls and in the metal elements.
It is designed an emblematic entrance simultaneously for pedestrian and automobile use. This placement offers aesthetics to the front façade which is achieved by the subtraction at the lower level resulting in a roof over the main entrance. Thus, it is achieved two parking areas, one outside and another one inside, incorporating this need in the building design.
The rear façade is fully glazed on the 2nd floor. On the 1st floor, there is a large window for the guest room and the remaining is opaque and finished by vertical slats.
The front façade is fully glazed on the 2nd floor in a receded surface, connected with the patio and creating comfortable spaces discreet to the street. On the 1st floor it is opaque, with the garage and entrance door covered in vertical slats.